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Officers Killed - Afghanistan 1838-42

BRITISH ARMY

Lieutenant-Colonel Robert ARNOLD - 16th Lancers - died 20th August 1839
Served in the Peninsula (wounded at Badajoz), and Waterloo (wounded).
Memorial at Meerut - "Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Arnold, 16th Lancers, Brigadier, Commanding the Bengal Cavalry of the Army of the Indus, who died at Kabul, 20th August 1839. also of Captain William Hilton, drowned crossing the river Jhelum on the 11th December 1839, and of Lieutenant David Inverarity, barbarously murdered at Kandahar, 18th May 1839, This tablet is erected by their Regimental officers and men as a record of their affection and esteem for their commanding officer, and resepct for the memory of their deeply lamented comrades."

Assistant-Surgeon William BALFOUR - 44th Foot - killed in the Khyber Pass, 13th January 1842

Paymaster Thomas BOURKE - 44th Foot - killed at Jugdulluk, 12th January 1842

Lieutenant Henry CADETT - 44th Foot - killed at Soorkab, 12th January 1842

Captain Thomas Chuck COLLINS - 44th Foot - killed at Gundamuck, 13th January 1842
Memorial at Llanrothal, Herefordshire -
"To the memory of Thomas Chuck Collins, Captain of H.M.s 44th Regiment, Eldest son of Thomas Collins, Lieutenant and Adjutant of the 2nd Regiment of H.M.s Dragoon Guards, and Susanna his wife, who was killed at Gundamuck, in the Disastrous Campaign of Afganistan, January 13th 1842, in the 41st year of his age. And of Margaret, Second daughter of the above Thomas and Susanna Collins, and wife of George Trevor Sayers Carrothers, Captain of 1st Regiment, Madras Native Infantry, who died at Bellary, Madras, Feruary 21st 1852, In the 41st year of her age. This tablet is erected by their loving mother A.D. MDCCCLX1."

Lieutenant Edward S. CUMBERLAND - 44th Foot - killed in action at Gundamuck, 13th January 1842

Lieutenant James Slator CUMMING - 9th Foot - killed in action in Khyber Pass, 5th April 1842
Crushed by a rock.

Colonel William H. DENNIE, CB - 13th Foot (Somerset Light Infantry) - Killed at Jellalabad, 7th April 1842 Memorial in St. Peter's Church, Fort William - "In memory of Col. W.H. Dennie, CB, of H.M. 13th Light Infantry, who fell when leading a column upon the Affghan force under Akbar Khan before Jellalabad, 7th April 1842. Col. Dennie served under Lord Lake in 1805 and 1806. During the Burmese war he twice distinguished himself. At Ghuznee on the 23rd July 1839 he led successfully the attack at Bamean. on the 18th Sept. 1840, he defeated Dost Mahomed in the Khoord Cabul Pass; on the 12th Oct. 1841, after Major-General Sir R. Sale was wounded, he directed the movements in a spirited manner. At Tazeen and Jugdulluck on the 22nd Oct. 1841 and between Gundamuck and Jellalabad, on the 12th Nov. 1841 he sustained his military reputation. At Jellalabad on the 1st Dec. 1841 and 11th March 1842 he led two successful sorties. This tablet is erected by the Commander-in-Chief and officers of H.M. Army in India, to record the deeds of a brave soldier."

Captain William Henry DODGIN - 44th Foot - killed in action in Jugdulluk Pass, 12th January 1842

Major-General Sir Howard ELPHINSTONE, CB - Royal Engineers - Wounded during the retreat from Jugdulluk. Captured by the Afghans. Died at Tezeen, 23rd April 1842. Served at Cape of Good Hope 1795, Egypt 1801 (Gold Medal), Peninsula War (severely wounded at Rolica, MGS 2 clasps).

Lieutenant F.J. Camp. FORTYE - 44th Foot - killed during march to Jugdulluk, 10th January 1842
He had been wounded at Cabul.

Lieutenant Alured William GRAY - 44th Foot - killed, January 1842

Quartermaster Robertus Richard HALAHAN - 44th Foot - killed at Jugdulluk Pass, 12th January 1842
Served at Aracan, 1825.

Surgeon John HARCOURT - 44th Foot - killed at Jugdulluk Pass, 12th January 1842
Served in the Peninsula War 1813-14.

Lieutenant John Byron HOBHOUSE - 13th Foot - killed at Gundamuck, 13th January 1842

Lieutenant Arthur HOGG - 44th Foot - killed in action at Gundamuck, 13th January 1842

Major James KERSHAW - 13th Foot - ?
Served in the Burma War.

Lieutenant Edward KING - 13th Foot - killed at Tezan, 12th October 1841

Captain Thomas Richard LEIGHTON - 44th Foot - killed during march to Tezeen, 10th January 1842

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas MACKRELL - 44th Foot - killed in action at Cabul, 10th November 1841

Captain William MAY - 41st Foot - killed in action at Kojuck Pass, 28th March 1842

Captain Robert Bradford McREA - 44th Foot - killed in action at Cabul, 10th November 1841
Served in Burma War 1814.

Assistant-Surgeon William PRIMROSE - 44th Foot - killed at Gundamuck, 13th January 1842

Lieutenant William G. RABAN - 44th Foot - killed in action at Cabul, 6th November 1841

Captain Thomas ROBINSON - 44th Foot - killed in action at Cabul, 4th November 1841
Served in Aracan Campaign 1825.

Major William Boxell SCOTT - 44th Foot - killed during march to Tezeen, 10th January 1842
Served in Burma War 1814.

Captain Thomas SWAYNE - 44th Foot - killed in action at Cabul, 4th November 1841
Served in Canadian Campaign 1813-14, including Chippewa and storming of Fort Erie. Served in Burma War 1814.

Lieutenant Samuel SWINTON - 44th Foot - killed at Gundamuck, 13th January 1842

Major William THAIN - 21st Foot - killed in action in Jugdulluk Pass, 12th January 1842
Served in Holland and Belgium 1813-14 and was wounded at Waterloo (33rd Foot). Wounded at Cabul. Serving as ADC on the Staff.

Lieutenant William George WHITE - 44th Foot - killed during march to Junga Fareekee, 10th January 1842

Lieutenant Fra. Montresor WADE - 44th Foot - killed during march to Jugdulluk, 12th January 1842

13th Foot

Memorial in Canterbury Cathedral - "Whilst serving in Affghanistan, between the years 1838 and 1844, either from the fatigue of the service, or in action with the enemy, there perished of the 13th Prince Albert's Light Infantry, Lieut-Col. W.H. Dennie, C.B. Brevet Major G. Kershaw, Captains George Fothergin and William Sunderland, Lieutenants Edward King, Richard Edward Frere, John Byrne Hobhouse, and F.P.C. Scott, Sergeant-Major W. Airey, 12 Sergeants, 11 Corporals, 3 Buglers, and 264 Privates. And also shortly after their return from that country, Major J.G.D. Taylor, Captain W.A. Sinclair, and Assistant Surgeon W. Baines. In memory of whom their surviving brethren in arms of the same Regiment have caused this tablet to be erected."

44th Foot

Memorial in Alverstoke Church, near Gosport - "Sacred to the memory of Colonel T. Mackrell, ADC to Her Majesty. Major W.B. Scott, Captain T. Swaine, Captain R.B. McRea, Captain T.R. Leighton, Captain T. Robinson, Captain F.C. Collins, Lieutenant W.H. Dodgin, Lieutenant W.G. White, Lieutenant W.G. Wade, Lieutenant H. Cadett, Lieutenant S. Swinton, Lieutenant F.J.C. Fortye, Lieutenant A.W. Gray, Paymaster T. Bourke, Lieut. and Qr. Master R.B. Halahan, Surgeon J. Harcourt, Assistant Surgeon W. Balfour, Assistant Surgeon W. Primrose. And 645 non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the 44th Regiment, who fell upon the field of battle in the disastrous Affghan War of 1841 and 1842. They sank with arms in their hands unconquered, but overpowered by the united horrors of climate, treachery, and barbarous warefare; their colours saved by Captain J. Souter, one of the few survivors, hang above this stone, which is erected to their memory by the officers of the 44th Regiment, June 1844."


INDIAN ARMY

Lieutenant R.H. ALEXANDER - 5th N.I. - See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Major Philip Cortlandt ANDERSON - 64th Native Infantry - Aged 50. Son of John and Mary Anderson. Husband of Lucy Younge. Died at Jelalabad, 24th April 1842.

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas John ANQUETIL - 42nd Native Infantry - Son of Thomas and Marie. Brigadier General commanding the advance column during the retreat from Kabul, during which he was killed in action at Jagdalak 12th January 1842.
Memorial in St. Peter's Church, Fort William -
"In testimony of affection and regret, this tablet is dedicated to the memory of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas John Anquetil, 44th Regiment B.N.I. who was massacred in the performance of his duty during the insurrection at Jugdulluck in Afghanistan, at Cabool, while commanding Shah Soojah's force, on the 12th January 1842, aged 60 years. He was an officer of undoubted ability and highly versed in the science of Military tactics, was warm-hearted and possessed of the strictist integrity and the most honourable feeling. Erected by his surviving son, Charles Anquetil."
Memorial in St. Helier's Church, Jersey - "In memory of Brigadier Thomas John Anquetil Lieut Colonel in the Bengal Army. A native of this Island who was killed on the 12th January 1842 in Command of the British and Bengal troops whilst fighting hand to hand with the enemy near Jugdulluck, in the Cabool Passes aged 52 years. From the testimony of the Governor General of India 'He was one of the very best and the most deserving of officers in the Indian Army in the office of Adjutant General in the organisation of the Oude Force and on the field of battle, he was, as he had ever been throughout his career, distinguished by the most honourable and the most able.'"

Major Ashford John ANSTRUTHER - 54th N.I. - Aged 38. Son of David and Mary, of London. Killed in action near Kabul 13th January 1842.

Lieutenant Henry Young BAZETT - 5th Light Cavalry - Aged 32. Son of Richard Bazett, of London. Husband of Louisa Colebrook. Killed in action in the Jagdalak Pass 12th January 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Brevet-Major Henry Walter BELLEW - 56th N.I. - Born December 1802, son of Robert and Sophia Bellwe, of Bexley, Kent. Husband of Anna Jeremie. Killed in action at Khurd Pass, 13th January 1842.

Lieutenant William BIRD - 23rd Madras N.I. - Serving with the Shah's Army. Killed at Futtehabad, 13th January 1842.
Memorial at All Saints Church, Leamington Hastings, Warwickshire - 'To the memory of William Bird, Lieut in the 23rd Regt of Madras NI. Third son of John Bird Esq Killed in the retreat from Cabool January 13th 1842 aged 25 years."

Captain Edward Macleod BLAIR - 5th Light Cavalry - Aged 39. Son of Genersl Sir Robert Blair, K.C.B. (Bengal Infantry), and Herculina. He was born in Shikohabad, U.P. 13th May 1803 and was the husband of Susanna Kennedy (She refused to accept that her husband was dead and stayed in India with her 2 daughters awaiting his return, they all died in the Cawnpore massacre in 1857). He was killed in action in the Jagdalak Pass 12th January 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page)
Tablet in St. James' Church, Karnal -
'Sacred to the memory of Captain Edward Macleod Blair 5th Bn. Lt. Cavalry killed in the retreat from Cabul in January 1842. sincerely regretted by all who knew him.'
Memorial at St. Michaels and St. Pauls Church, Bath - 'Sacred to the memory of Captain Edward Macleod Blair of the 5th Bengal Cavalry, youngest son of Sir Robert Blair KCB who was killed the 13th January 1842 on the march of the British Army from Cabool. aged 38 years. Sacred also the memory of Susan, wife of Captain Edward Macleod Blair, aged 49 years and their daughters, Isabella aged 24 and Susan aged 17 who all died at Cawnpore June 1857.'

Captain John BOTT - 5th Light Cavalry - Aged 37. Son of John Bott, Secretary to the Privy Purse of King William IV. Husband of Elizabeth Satchwell. Killed in action in the Jagdalak Pass 12th January 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Assistant-Surgeon Thomas BRICKWELL - Bombay Army - Born 8th December 1806. Killed in the Bolan Pass October 1842.

Lieutenant William BROADFOOT - Bengal European Regiment - Aged 31. Son of Rev. William Broadfoot, of Kirkwall. Serving as Political Assistant to Sir Alexander Burnes at the Residency, Kabul. Killed in the Residency 2nd November 1841.

Assistant-Surgeon Alexander BRYCE - Bengal Horse Artillery - Born 24th December 1804. Killed near Tezin during retreat from Kabul.

Lieutenant George BUIST - 10th Light Cavalry - Aged 34. Son of Rev. George and Margaret Buist. Husband of Isabella Masson. Killed in action at Jalalabad 29th July 1842.

Lieutenant Frederick White BURKINYOUNG - 5th N.I. - Aged 33. Son of Frederick and Martha, of London. Husband of Charlotte Salmon. Killed in action during the retreat from Kabul 13th January 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Captain Robert Lee BURNETT - 54th N.I. (attached 16th N.I.) - Aged 37. Son of James and Christian Burnett, of Co. Peebles. Born in 1805. Wounded at Ghuzni (shot and blinded in one eye) and Jagdalak, died of wounds at Ferozepore, 29th January 1843.
Buried in Ferozepore Civil Cemetery -
"To the memory of Capt. Robt. Lee Burnett, 54th Regt. Ben. N.I. an Officer held in deserved estimation and as thorough a soldier as ever lived. He died at Ferozepore, on the 29th July 1843 from the effect of a wound received at Jugdulluk on the 18th of October 1842, the last of three wounds honourably taken in action in Afghanistan. Erected by his brother Officers to mark their sense of his bravery and worth."

Lieutenant BURNES - Bombay Infantry - Serving as Political Assistant to Sir Alexander Burnes at the Residency, Kabul. Killed in the Residency 2nd November 1841.

Captain BURY - 3rd Bombay Light Cavalry - Killed in action 30th August 1842 at Ghuzni.

Assistant-Surgeon Edward Rotheram CARDEW - 27th Native Infantry - Born 23rd May 1817. Killed near Tezin during retreat from Kabul.

Lieutenant Charles CARLYON - 37th N.I. - Aged 30. Son of Rev. Thomas and Mary. Killed in action near Kabul January 1842.

Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Ewbank CHAMBERS - 5th Light Cavalry - Aged 51. Son of Richard Chambers, of Newcastle. Husband of Ellen Yeld. Killed in action at Jalalabad 29th July 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Lieutenant Alexander CHRISTIE - Bengal Artillery - Killed in the Khyber Pass.
Memorial at Dum Dum -
"Lieut. Alexander Christie, killed in the Khyber Pass on the return of the victorious army under the command of Major General Sir George Pollock, G.C.B. of the Bengal Artillery."

Captain Christopher CODRINGTON - 49th N.I. - Aged 34. Son of Christopher and Martha. Husband of Julia Webber. Killed in action during the defence of Charikar, Kohistan 5th November 1841, while commanding the 4th (Gurkha) Infantry, Shah Shuja's Army.
Memorial at Christ Church, Cheltenham -
"Scared to the memory of Christopher Codrington, Capt. in the Bengal Army and Commandant of the Goorkha Regt of Shah Shooja's contingent, who fell at Chareekar in Afghanistan, whilst defending his post against an overwhelming force of the enemy, Nov. 5th 1841, aged 34 years."

Lieutenant William Clinton Peter COLLINSON - 37th N.I. - Aged 30. Son of Charles and Maria, of Suffolk. Wounded in the fort at Pashut, 18th January 1840. Died 30th January.
Parish Church, Sproughton, Suffolk - "This slab is erected to the memory of William Clinton Peter Collinson late Lieutenant 37th Bengal Native Infantry who was killed on 13th January 1840 whilst gallantly leading his men to the attack on the Fort of Pushoot in Afghanistan. His zeal and devotion to the service gained him the good opinion of his superiors while his noble and generous disposition secured the undying love and affection of his friends and of the sepoys under his command."

Captain Frederick COLLYER - 5th Light Cavalry - Aged 37. Son of Rev. Thomas Collyer. Husband of Emily. Murdered near Jalabad, on the Kabul road, 18th January 1841. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Captain Edward Barry CONOLLY - 6th Light Cavalry - Aged 31. Son of Valentine and Matilda. Killed in action at Fort Tutamdara, north of Kabul 29th September 1840.

Lieutenant John Balfour CONOLLY - 20th N.I. - Aged 27. Son of Valentine and Matilda. Died of fever while being held hostage at Bala Hissar, Kabul 7th August 1842.

Captain Anthony Albert Lambert CORRI - 54th N.I. - Aged 41. Son of Philip and Augusta, of London. Husband of Maria Whish. Killed in action near Kabul January 1842.

Lieutenant George Charles CRISPIN - 2nd Light Cavalry - Aged 34. Son of George Crispin, of Chatham. Killed in action at Ghorband Pass 2nd November 1840.

Lieutenant A.F.C. DEAS - 5th N.I. - See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Captain James Dundas DOUGLAS - 9th N.I. - Aged 39. Son of General Sir Howard, G.C.B. and Anne, of Edinburgh. Killed in action in the Nazian Valley, Afghanistan 25th February 1841.

Surgeon William DUFF - Bengal Army - Born 7th January 1793. Retired while at Kabul but was killed near Tezin, 10th January 1842. He had been wounded and had an arm amputated at Kabul.

Major William EWART - 54th N.I. - Aged 41. Son of John Ewart, of Carlisle. Killed in action near Kabul 10th January 1842.

Lieutenant Le GEYT - Bombay Cavalry - Serving with the Shah's Army. Killed at Neemla, 13th January 1842.

Lieutenant George Webb GOLDING - 2nd Bengal European Regt. - Aged 30. Son of George and Georgiana, of co. Tyrone. Murdered near Kandahar during the mutiny of the 1st Jan-baz Regiment 26th December 1841.

Surgeon George Morrison GRANT - Bombay Army - Serving in the Shah's Service. Killed in retreat from Charekar to Kabul 15th November 1841. Born 30th December 1815. Served at capture of Ghuzni.

Captain William GRANT - 27th N.I. - Aged 38. Son of Major John and Anna Grant. Born at Auchterblair, Inverness, 17th March 1803. Husband of Anne Forbes. Wounded in the face at Jagdalak and killed at Gandamak 2 days later 13th January 1842.

Lieutenant Charles Alexander GREENE - Bengal Artillery - killed at Gundamuck, 13th January 1842.
Listed on the Dum Dum Column -
"Also to the memory of the undermentioned officers of the Artillery, Lieut. Charles Alexander Greene, who perished in command of Shah Soojah's Moutain Train, and whose gallant conduct emulated that of his comrades."

Captain Charles William HAIG - 5th N.I. - Aged 36. Son of Alexander and Maria, of Bath. Killed during the retreat from Kabul 13th January 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Captain Percy Skeffington HAMILTON - 5th Light Cavalry - Aged 33. Son of Rev. James and Margaret. Born in Northampton, 31st December 1808. Killed at Jagdalak 13th January 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Lieutenant L.H. HARDIMAN - 5th Light Cavalry. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Surgeon Edmund Tomkins HARPUR - 5th Light Cavalry. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page). Born August 1798. Killed at Fatehabad 14th February 1842.

Lieutenant Frederick Hill HAWTRY - 37th N.I. - Aged 29. Son of Rev. Charles and Harriet, of Hackney. Killed at Gandamak 13th January 1842.

Captain Edward HAY - 35th N.I. - Aged 35. Son of John and Anne, of London. Born 20th Nov. 1806 at Aston, near Birmingham. Killed in action near Gandamak 13th January 1842.

Lieutenant-Colonel John HERRING, C.B. - 37th N.I. - Aged 49. Son of Rev. Athanasius and Mary. Husband of Eliza Loveday, married at Nasirabad, 12th Feb. 1834. Murdered at Haidar Khel, Afghanistan by tribesmen while escorting treasure for the army at Kabul 3rd September 1839.

Captain Perin HOPKINS - 27th N.I. - Aged 37. Son of Edward and Betty. Born at New Alresford, Hants. 7th Oct. 1804. In 1841 appointed to command shah Shuja's 6th Infantry at Kabul. He was killed near Jalalabad 13th January 1842.

Lieutenant Charles Bell HORSBURGH - 5th N.I. - Aged 28. Son of Boyd (late Major H.M. 39th Regt.) and Jean, of Lochmalony, co. Fife. Killed in action at Gandamak 13th January 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Lieutenant Charles Howard JENKINS - 35th N.I. - Aged 29. Son of Feilder and Sarah, of London. Born 11th January 1812. Shot in the spine during a night attack on the camp at Buthak 17th October 1841 and died on the 20th.

Captain John Ancrum KIRBY - 54th N.I. - Aged 34. Son of Stephen (Lt. General Royal Artillery) and Martha, of Ballingcollig, co. Cork. Born at Woolwich, 19th May 1807. Killed in action near Kabul 10th January 1842.

Lieutenant Henry LAING - 27th N.I. - Aged 28. Son of Rev. Henry and Jemima, of Clapham. Killed in action at Bemaru, near Kabul, 23rd November 1841.

Captain John Bascombe LOCK - 5th N.I. - Aged 34. Son of William and Ann, of Dorchester. Husband of Jane May. Killed in action in the Khyber Pass 24th January 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).
Memorial in St. Peters Church, Dorchester -
"To the memory of John Bascombe Lock, a native of this town, Captain the 5th Bengal Native Infantry who died in the Khybur Pass, Upper India, Jan. 24th 1842 age 54 years. He fell in action with the Affredies whilst bravely struggling to convey the succour so much needed by the British Forces in Affghanistan. His afflicted relatives thus record their sorrow, affection and esteem."

Surgeon Percival Barton LORD - Bombay Army - Killed at Parwandara 2nd November 1840. Born 1807. Attached to the Mission to Kabul led by Sir A. Burnes and served as a Political Officer on the Uzbeg Frontier 1839.

Lieutenant William LOVEDAY - 37th N.I. - Aged 31. Born in Calcutta, son of Lambert Loveday. Murdered while a prisoner of war, at Kalat, 2nd November 1840.

Lieutenant David LUMSDEN - 27th N.I. - Aged 29. Son of Lieut-Colonel James Lumsden (55th Foot) and Lydia. Husband of Rosamond Deane. Killed, with his wife, in the retreat from Ghuznee 9th March 1842.

Captain William MACKINTOSH - 5th N.I. - Aged 38. Son of James and Anne, of Kinchyle. Killed in action near Kabul 23rd November 1841. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Captain James MARSHALL - 61st N.I. - Aged 35. Son of Rev. George Marshall, of Co. Donegal. Killed in action during the retreat from Kabul 12th January 1842.

Captain John MATHIAS - 33rd N.I. - Aged 35. Son of James and Sarah, of Norfolk. Died in camp near Khota, Afghanistan 14th July 1842.

Lieutenant Richard MAULE - Bengal Artillery - Aged 30. Son of William and Alice. Killed during the revolt by mutineers of the Kohistan Regiment at Kahdarrah, Afghanistan 3rd November 1841; while in the Shah's Service.
Listed on the Dum Dum Column -
"..Also to the memory of undermentioned officers of the Artillery ... Lieutenant Richard Maule who was killed in the outbreak of the insurrection in Nov. 1841."

Assistant-Surgeon Francis Ralph METCALFE - 5th N.I. - See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page). Born 3rd May 1815. Son of Sir Charles T. Metcalfe, Bengal Civil Service. Killed at Gandamat 13th December 1842.

Captain Rawdon Muir MILES - 5th N.I. - Aged 33. Son of William and Harriet, of London. Killed in action near Kabul 10th January 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Lieutenant William MORRIESON - 54th N.I. - Aged 25. Son of David (Bengal Civil Service) and Sophia. Killed in the retreat from Kabul, at Gandamak 13th January 1842.

Captain Thomas NICHOLL - 1st Troop, 1st Brigade, Bengal Horse Artillery - Aged 46. Son of Thomas and Harriot, of Watford. Killed in action in the Jagdalak Pass 12th January 1842. The picture below is in a private collection. On the reverse is written "Portrait of Lady Wade's father, Captain Thomas Nicholl of the I Troop Ist Bengal Horse Artillery who fell in the performance of his duty during the famous retreat from Cabul in 1842. He was last seen (by some native followers who escaped) defending the queens flag (the guns having been forced) was cut down with all the Troop to a man. One of the guns was discovered and brought back to England after the campaign in 1879 and is at Woolwich. A monument in the shape of a very tall column was erected at Dum Dum by the regiment."

Memorial at St. Marys Church, Watford, Herts. -
"Sacred to the memory of Captain Thomas Nicholl Bengal Horse Artillery Killed in action at Jugdulluk Afghanistan January 13th 1842 aged 45 years. Most sincerely beloved and lamented by his numerous family and friends. This monument is erected by his afflicted widow."
Listed on the Dum Dum Column -
"To the memory of Captain Thomas Nicholl, Lieut. Charles Stewart, Serjeant M. Mulhall, and the Non-Commissioned Officers and men of the 1st Troop, 1st Brigade, Bengal Horse Artillery who fell in the performance of their duty during the insurrection at and retreat from Cabul, in the months of November and December 1841 and January 1842, on which occasions of unprecedented trial, officers and men upheld, in the most noble manner, the character of the Regiment to which they belonged. This gallant band formed the oldest troop in the Bengal Artillery; it had previously been distinguished on munerous occasions, having served in Egypt, the Mahratta and Nepaul wars, and Ava...."

Captain George NUGENT - 66th N.I. - Aged 34. Son of Captain George Nugent (8th N.I.). Killed in action at Jagdalak 8th September 1842. Memorial at Barrackpore Church - "To the memory of Captain George Nugent of the 66th Regt. N. Infantry, officiating Sub-Asst. Comy. Genl. who was killed in action at Gundamuck in Affghanistan, on the 8th of September 1842, aged 33 years. This tablet is erected as a token of respect and esteem by his brother officers."

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Samuel OLIVER - 5th N.I. - Aged 57. Son of Samuel and Jane, of Antigua and London. Killed in action on the Bemaru heights, near Kabul 23rd November 1841. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Captain Nicholas Power PALMER - 54th N.I. - Aged 33. Son of Captain George (15th Foot) and Frances, of Waterford. Husband of Rebecca Barrett. Killed in action near Kabul 13th January 1842.

Major John PATON - 58th N.I. - Aged 39. Son of Peter and Agnes, of Fraserburgh. Wounded at Kabul, left arm amputated. Killed in action in the Kabul Pass during the retreat from Kabul 8th January 1842.

Lieutenant Thomas Francis PATTENSON - 2nd N.I. - Aged 31. Son of Charles (Bengal Civil Service) and Elizabeth. Wounded 26th December 1841, died at Kandahar 26th March 1842.

Lieutenant Robert PIGOU - Bengal Engimeers - Aged 24. Born in Bengal. Son of Henry (Bengal Civil Service) and Elizabeth, of Somerset. Killed by a premature explosion while blowing open the gates of a fort in Nazian valley, Afghanistan 24th February 1841.

Captain Richard RABAN - 48th N.I. - Aged 38. Son of Thomas and Catherine, of Swansea. Husband of Emma Walmesley. Died at Kila Kazi, Kohistan 16th October 1840.

Lieutenant David RAMSAY - 37th N.I. - Aged 26. Son of Lieutenant General John Ramsay and Mary, of Arbroath. Died during the march through the Bolan Pass 26th March 1839.

Lieutenant Charles RATTRAY - 20th N.I. - Aged 30. Son of Charles and Marianne, of Northants. Assassinated at Lughmani, near Charikar, Afghanistan 3rd November 1841.

Captain G.O. REEVES - 3rd Bombay Light Cavalry - Killed in action 30th August 1842 at Ghuzni.

Captain James Nathaniel RIND - 37th N.I. - Aged 32. Son of James and Anne, of Stirling. Husband of Marian. Killed in the retreat from Kabul, at Gandamak 13th January 1842.

Ensign ROSE - 54th N.I. (Shah's Service) - killed at Chareeker, 23rd November 1841.

Ensign SALISBURY - 1st V. Regt. (Shah's Service) - killed at Chareeker, 23rd November 1841.

Captain David SHAW - 54th N.I. - Aged 32. Son of Lieut-Colonel William Shaw (22nd Foot) and Ann. Born in Calcutta, 10th March 1809. Husband of Alicia Boileau. Killed in action near Kabul during the retreat 10th January 1842.

Captain James SKINNER - 61st N.I. - Aged 38. Son of Lieut-General John Skinner and Ann. Born at Kinsale, co. Cork, 20th September 1803. Killed in action in the Jagdalak Pass 12th January 1842.

Lieutenant William Watson STEER - 37th N.I. - Aged 29. Son of Charles (Bengal Civil Service) and Jane. Born at Ghazipur, 19th June 1813. Killed in action in the Jagdalak Pass 12th January 1842.

Lieutenant Charles STEWART - 1st Troop, 1st Brigade, Bengal Horse Artillery - Aged 29. Son of Peter (Lieut-Colonel, Royal Artillery) and Dorcas Stewart. Born in Woolwich, 19th May 1813. Husband of Margaret Macleod. Killed in action at Gandamak 13th January 1842. See memorial for Nicholl.

Lieutenant John Leigh Doyle STURT - Bengal Engineers - Aged 30. Son of Thomas and Jannette Sturt. Born in Combe-Hay, Somerset, 5th December 1811. Husband of Alexandrina Sale (daughter of Sir Robert Sale, G.C.B). Killed in action in the Khurd Kabul Pass 8th January 1842.

Major Stephen SWAYNE - 5th N.I. - Aged 52. Son of Walter and Mary. Born in Bristol, 1789. Husband of Harriet Johnston. Killed at Tangi Tariki, near Kabul 10th January 1842. See Regimental Memorial (bottom of page).

Captain Henry TIMMINGS - Bengal Horse Artillery - died 12th September 1839.
Memorial in St. Stephen's Church, Dum Dum -
"Sacred to the memory of Captain Henry Timmings, who died at Cabul in Affghanistan on the 12th September 1839, in the 41st year of his age, when commanding the 4th Troop 3d Brigade Horse Artillery with the Army of the Indus. This tribute to the memory of an esteemed and gallant soldier is erected by his friends and brother officers of the Bengal Army, as a mark of their respect for one, who, while living, was beloved by all his associates, and who in death exemplified the end of a good Christian."

Lieutenant William Henry TOMBS - 5th N.I. - Aged 27. Son of John and Mary. Born at Muttra, 31st March 1814. Killed in action near Kabul January 1842.
Memorial at St. Helen's church, Abingdon, Oxfordshire -
"In memory of William Henry Tombs a Lieutenant in the 5th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry who serving with the Army in Afghanistan fell before the enemy in the disastrous march of the British troops from Cabul towards Jellalabad in January 1842 and of Francis Tombs a Lieutenant in the 19th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry who died at Bareilly on the 31st January 1844."

Captain Robert Salusbury TREVOR - 3rd Light Cavalry - Aged 39. Son of Rev. Thomas and Elizabeth Trevor. Born in Chester, 30th December 1802. Husband of Mary Spottiswoode. Posted to Shah Shuja's army and commanded the Hazirbash (King's Life Guards) in 1841. He was taken hostage and assassinated at a Conference in Kabul 23rd December 1841.
Memorial at St. Mary's church, Eastham, Mersyside - "To the memory of Robert Salusbury Trevor of the 3rd Bengal Cavalry, fifth son of the Rev. Thomas Trevor LLD. Born at Eastham 30th December 1802. Killed at Kabul 23rd December 1841 one of the victims of the treacherous massacre of the British envoy by Akbar Khan in Afghanistan. Also the memory of Mary, his widow, youngest daughter of William Spottiswoode. Born 17th March 1810. Died in London 11th October 1889. She accompanied her husband to Kabul and with her eight children was among the few survivors of the disastrous retreat of the British Army in 1842, who were held captives for ten months. Erected by their five sons and two surviving daughters."

Captain Thomas WALKER - 1st N.I. - Aged 31. Son of William and Sarah. Born in London, 27th February 1809. Wounded at Bemaru, 22rd November 1841, while commanding a squadron of the 4th Irregular Cavalry. He died of his wounds at Kabul 25th November 1841.

Lieutenant Francis Hardwick WARREN - 5th N.I. - Aged 39. Son of Francis and Mary Warren. Born in Nottingham, 20th October 1820.
Killed in action 13th January 1842.
Memorial at St. Mary's church, Nottingham - "To the memory of the children of the late Francis James Warren formerly Captain in H.M. 9th Lancers and Mary Shaw Warren his wife.... Francis Hardwick Lieu. 5th Regt. Bengal Native Infantry. Born at Nottingham 20th October 1820. Killed in action on the 13th Jan. 1842 during the retreat of the British Army from Cabul."

Lieutenant Henry WEAVER - 54th N.I. -
Aged 23. Son of Charles and Maria. Born in Gloucester, 27th March 1814. Husband of Marianne Baker. Killed in action at Gandamak 13th January 1842.

Captain George Edward WESTMACOTT - 37th N.I. - Aged 34. Son of George and Ann. Born in London, 23rd February 1807. Killed in action at the retaking of Rikabashi fort, near Kabul 10th November 1841.

Local-Lieutenant F. WHEELER - Kohistan Regiment - Shah Shuja's Army. Killed at camp Kahdarrah 3rd November 1841.

Veterinary-Surgeon J. WILLIS - 5th Light Cavalry - ?

Captain Alexander WILSON - 64th N.I. - Aged 41. Son of John and Jean. Born at Beith, Ayr, 14th May 1800. Husband of Catherine Robertson. Killed in action in the Khyber Pass 24th January 1842. A letter in The Scotsman (16-4-1842) "Our corps, being in the rear, we bore the brunt of the affair, and it was in the narrow defile known as the 'Kaffir Thungae' that poor Wilson, of our's, who was in command of the corps, was shot dead. He was standing close to me - the ball entered his lungs and he died instantly without uttering a groan."

Captain John WOODBURN - 44th N.I. - Aged 38. Son of David and Janet. Born at Dalmellington, Ayr, 4th April 1803. Murdered in Sydabad fort whilst leading a party of invalids from Ghazni to Kabul 15th November 1841.

Captain Charles WYNDHAM - 35th N.I. - Aged 34. Son of George and Elizabeth. Born at Wishford, Wiltshire, 13th July 1807. Killed in action at Jagdalak 29th October 1841. 'The Ghilzais cut off his head and set it up for a mark to throw stones at.'

REGIMENTAL MEMORIALS

5th Bengal Cavalry :

Memorial in St. Peter's Church, Fort William - "In memory of Lt-Col. R.E. Chambers, Capt. E.M. Blair, Capt. J. Bott, Capt. P.S. Hamilton, Bt-Capt. F. Collyer, Surgeon E.F. Harpur, Lieut. H.Y. Bazett, Lieut. L.H. Hardiman, Veterinary Surgeon J. Willis, Riding Master R. Quantrill. Of the 5th Regiment Bengal Cavalry, who, with almost the entire of the 3d, 4th, 5th, and 6th troops of the corps, fell in gallant but hopeless conflict in the disastrous retreat from Cabool, between the 6th and 13th of January 1842. The surviving officers of the regiment erect this tablet. The lamented brave whose deaths it records, though greatly outnumbered by a most treacherous foe in snowy wastes and rugged defiles, for several days and nights together, without shelter or even a tent, and suffering from the extremes of cold, hunger and thirst, in the depth of an Affghan winter, sold their lives dearly as became British soldiers."

5th Bengal Native Infantry :

Memorial in St. Peter's Church, Fort William - "Sacred to the memory of the European and Native Officers, Non-Commissioned officers and men, of the fifth Regiment of Native Infantry, who fell in Affghanistan, in the year 1841 and 1842. Names. Lt-Col. T.S. Oliver, Major S. Swayne, Capt. W. Mackintosh, Capt. C.W. Haig, Capt. R.M. Miles, Capt. L.B. Lock, Capt. F.W. Burkinyoung, Lieut. A.F.C. Deas, Lieut. W.H. Tombs, Lieut. C.B. Horsburgh, Lieut. R.H. Alexander, Lieut. F.H. Warren, Lieut. A.D. Poyenger, Asst. Surgeon F.R. Metcalfe, Sergt. Major W. Godfrey, Qr. Mr. Sergt. H. Read. This monument is erected by Major J. Jervis, Capts B. Bygrave, W.C. Birch, J.C. Salkeld, R. Dowson, Lieuts E.S Garstir, M.J. Slater, and C.C. Grigan, the surviving officers of this ill-fated Regiment, to commemorate their regard for their fallen comrades."


Index